Achievement Gaps: Genders And Races –

Significant educational achievement gaps exist between males and females and among different races, according to data from a report released recently by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES).

The report, which contains analysis and comparisons of the most recent data available, reveals growing gaps between genders as well as in ethnic/racial groups as females participate and continue in education at higher rates than their male counterparts.

Only 39% of males aged 18 to 24 were enrolled in either college or graduate school in 2010, compared to 47% of females. This pattern held constant for Whites, Blacks, Hispanics, American Indians, and multiracial students. Asians had the highest percentage of enrollment, at 66%, than all other racial/ethnic groups.

Of the students who began postsecondary education in 2003-2004, a lower percentage of males than females, 46% to 52%, had obtained a degree (certificate, associate, or bachelor’s) by June 2009. This pattern was also found for Whites and Asians. No measurable differences by sex were found for any other racial/ethnic group. However higher percentages of Asians and Whites – 46% and 36% respectively – had earned bachelor’s degrees than Blacks, Hispanics, American Indian/Alaska Native, and multiracial students by June 2009.

The report also reveals that more males than females who began postsecondary education in 2003-2004 left by 2004 without completing a degree, with a higher percentage of males than females citing financial reasons.

Sixty-one percent of females who were first-time students seeking bachelor’s degrees beginning fulltime at a four-year college in 2004 completed their degrees within six years, compared to 56% of males. This pattern stayed consistent across all racial/ethnic groups.

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